Decline of hepatitis B infection in Greece.
Hepatitis B has long been a serious public health problem in Greece.
In recent years, a decline in hepatitis B infection is observed ascribable to many factors such as demographic and socioeconomic changes, medical precautions, use of disposable medical equipments, screening of blood donors and vaccination.
We studied the prevalence of HBV infection in a sample of 1050 Greek male Navy recruits. 343 subjects (32.6%) had previously been vaccinated and were anti-HBs positive.
We observed that during the last decade, the prevalence of immunes declined to 1.33% and the prevalence of any HBV marker declined to 2.28%. The HBsAg carrier rate declined from 3.9% in 1973 to 0.9% in 1986.
Since then, it is stable at 0.95% because perinatal and vertical transmissions are still responsible for the majority of HBV chronic infections.
Universal prenatal screening and infant immunization will contribute to a further decline of HBV infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Evolution, Homme, Grèce, Europe, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Evolution, Human, Greece, Europe, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0414010
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 22/03/2000.