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  1. Serious hazards of transfusion (SHOT) initiative : analysis of the first two annual reports.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective To receive and collate reports of death or major complications of transfusion of blood or components.

    Design Haematologists were invited confidentially to report deaths and major complications after blood transfusion during October 1996 to September 1998.

    Setting Hospitals in United Kingdom and Ireland.

    Subjects Patients who died or experienced serious complications, as defined below, associated with transfusion of red cells, platelets, fresh frozen plasma, or cryoprecipitate.

    Main outcome measures Death, « wrong » blood transfused to patient, acute and delayed transfusion reactions, transfusion related acute lung injury, transfusion associated graft versus host disease, post-transfusion purpura, and infection transmitted by transfusion.

    Circumstances relating to these cases and relative frequency of complications.

    Results Over 24 months, 366 cases were reported, of which 191 (52%) were « wrong blood to patient » episodes.

    Analysis of these revealed multiple errors of identification, often beginning when blood was collected from the blood bank.

    There were 22 deaths from all causes, including three from ABO incompatibility.

    There were 12 infections : four bacterial (one fatal), seven viral, and one fatal case of malaria.

    During the second 12 months, 164/424 hospitals (39%) submitted a « nil to report » return. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Transfusion, Dossier médical, Epidémiologie, Complication, Mortalité, Homme, Royaume Uni, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Transfusion, Medical record, Epidemiology, Complication, Mortality, Human, United Kingdom, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0413143

    Code Inist : 002B27D01. Création : 22/03/2000.