Various interventions have been implemented as components of sentencing for driving under the influence of alcohol.
This study assessed the effectiveness of the Victim Impact Panel (VIP) in reducing the probability of an offender being rearrested for drinking and driving.
The study was conducted in an urban/suburban county in the Southeastem United States.
Rearrest rates of DUI offenders who attended a VIP presentation as part of their sentencing (n=404) were compared with an equivalent comparison group (n=431) who did not have the VIP presentation.
Arrest records of offenders were searched and rearrest rates (%) were calculated for the periods 0-6 months, 7-12 months, and 0-12 months after the arrest.
Chi-square cross-tabulations indicate that rearrest rates were lower for the VIP group than the comparison group in all categories.
Three categories where the differences were significant and of the greatest magnitude were white men, ages 26-35 years, and one prior DUI arrest.
Additionally, logistic regression was used to compare the importance of specific independent variables on rearrest.
Whether or not a subject was in the VIP group was the most powerful contributor to the results.
After considering alternative explanations for the results, we conclude that the VIPs can be a cost-effective way of reducing the probability of rearrest in DUI offenders. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Conduite véhicule, Ebriété, Prévention, Récidive, Groupe sensibilisation, Expérience personnelle, Accident circulation, Efficacité, Etude longitudinale, Homme, Victime accident
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vehicle driving, Inebriation, Prevention, Relapse, Sensitization group, Personal experience, Traffic accident, Efficiency, Follow up study, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0412903
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 22/03/2000.