In order to investigate the incidence and implications of sudden natural death at the wheel, a retrospective study was carried out over a 15-year time period ranging from 1982 until 1996.
During this time period 147 drivers of motor vehicles were found out of 34 554 cases examined at the Institute of Legal Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.
There were 13 females and 134 males and the mean age was 56.8 years (range 20-86 years).
The main cause of death was ischemic heart disease which was found in 113 cases.
There were mainly minor injuries to the driver, or to other passengers, or to other road users and only minor property damage.
Our study confirms previous investigations that sudden natural death at the wheel is a rare event in proportion to unnatural death at the wheel and is not a substantial threat to other road users.
Despite existing guidelines for granting a driving licence, medical screening to exclude high risk patients from driving cannot prevent the occurrence of sudden natural death at the wheel.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mort subite, Accident circulation, Diagnostic différentiel, Rétrospective, Etude statistique, Mortalité, Conducteur véhicule, Homme, Mort naturelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sudden death, Traffic accident, Differential diagnostic, Retrospective, Statistical study, Mortality, Vehicle driver, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0410152
Code Inist : 002B30A10. Création : 22/03/2000.