Quality of care in investor-owned vs not-for-profit HMOs.
Context The proportion of health maintenance organization (HMO) members enrolled in investor-owned plans has increased sharply, yet little is known about the quality of these plans compared with not-for-profit HMOs.
Objective To compare quality-of-care measures for investor-owned and not-for-profit HMOs.
Design, Setting, and Participants Analysis of the Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set (HEDIS) Version 3.0 from the National Committee for Quality Assurance's Quality Compass 1997, which included 1996 quality-of-care data for 329 HMO plans (248 investor-owned and 81 not-for-profit), representing 56% of the total HMO enrollment in the United States.
Main Outcome Measures Rates for 14 HEDIS quality-of-care indicators.
Results Compared with not-for-profit HMOs, investor-owned plans had lower rates for all 14 quality-of-care indicators.
Among patients discharged from the hospital after myocardial infarction, 59.2% of members in investor-owned HMOs vs 70.6% in not-for-profit plans received a bêta-blocker (P<. 001) ; 35.1% of patients with diabetes mellitus in investor-owned plans vs 47.9% in not-for-profit plans had annual eye examinations (P<. 001).
Investor-owned plans had lower rates than not-for-profit plans of immunization (63.9% vs 72.3% ; P<. 001), mammography (69.4% vs 75.1% ; P<. 001), Papanicolaou tests (69.2% vs 77.1% ; P<. 001), and psychiatric hospitalization (70.5% vs 77.1% ; P<. 001).
Quality scores were highest for staff-and group-model HMOs. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Assurance qualité, Soin santé primaire, Evaluation, Méthode, Maintenance, Organisation santé, Etude comparative, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Quality assurance, Primary health care, Evaluation, Method, Maintenance, Public health organization, Comparative study, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0408432
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 22/03/2000.