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  1. Traffic noise and cardiovascular risk : The caerphilly and speedwell studies, third phase-10-year follow up.

    Article - En anglais

    The authors tested the hypothesis that prolonged exposure to road traffic noise causes ischemic heart disease in a 10-y follow-up cohort study of middle-aged men.

    In the Caerphilly and Speedwell studies, 2 512 and 2 348 men, respectively, who were 45-59 y of age were seen in the initial cross-sectional phase and at follow-up intervals of 10 y. Adjusted odds ratios of 1.1 (95% confidence interval=0.6,1.9) and 0.9 (95% confidence interval=0.6,1.4) were found in the total cohorts.

    However, the relative risk was 1.3 (95% confidence interval=0.8,2.2) in the pooled reconstructed cohort of men who were followed for 6 y (i.e., from phase 2 to phase 3) and for whom room orientation and window-opening habits could be considered.

    Furthermore, the relative risk increased to 1.6 (95% confidence interval=0.9,3.0) in the subsample of men who had lived at least 15 y in their present homes at the time of recruitment.

    Living adjacent to streets with high traffic noise levels was associated with an adjusted (for covariates) increase in relative risk of 1.01-1.02/y in residence-a result that was only borderline significant (p<. 10).

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble dû au bruit, Toxicité, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Trafic routier, Ischémie, Myocarde, Effet biologique, Chronique, Epidémiologie, Etude longitudinale, Royaume Uni, Europe, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acoustic trauma, Toxicity, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Road traffic, Ischemia, Myocardium, Biological effect, Chronic, Epidemiology, Follow up study, United Kingdom, Europe, Vascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0406311

    Code Inist : 002A08E. Création : 22/03/2000.