Traffic noise and cardiovascular risk : The caerphilly and speedwell studies, third phase-10-year follow up.
The authors tested the hypothesis that prolonged exposure to road traffic noise causes ischemic heart disease in a 10-y follow-up cohort study of middle-aged men.
In the Caerphilly and Speedwell studies, 2 512 and 2 348 men, respectively, who were 45-59 y of age were seen in the initial cross-sectional phase and at follow-up intervals of 10 y. Adjusted odds ratios of 1.1 (95% confidence interval=0.6,1.9) and 0.9 (95% confidence interval=0.6,1.4) were found in the total cohorts.
However, the relative risk was 1.3 (95% confidence interval=0.8,2.2) in the pooled reconstructed cohort of men who were followed for 6 y (i.e., from phase 2 to phase 3) and for whom room orientation and window-opening habits could be considered.
Furthermore, the relative risk increased to 1.6 (95% confidence interval=0.9,3.0) in the subsample of men who had lived at least 15 y in their present homes at the time of recruitment.
Living adjacent to streets with high traffic noise levels was associated with an adjusted (for covariates) increase in relative risk of 1.01-1.02/y in residence-a result that was only borderline significant (p<. 10).
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble dû au bruit, Toxicité, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Trafic routier, Ischémie, Myocarde, Effet biologique, Chronique, Epidémiologie, Etude longitudinale, Royaume Uni, Europe, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Acoustic trauma, Toxicity, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Road traffic, Ischemia, Myocardium, Biological effect, Chronic, Epidemiology, Follow up study, United Kingdom, Europe, Vascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0406311
Code Inist : 002A08E. Création : 22/03/2000.