Consensus criteria for the definition of multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) were first identified in a 1989 multidisciplinary survey of 89 clinicians and researchers with extensive experience in, but widely differing views of, MCS.
A decade later, their top 5 consensus criteria (i.e., defining MCS as  a chronic condition  with symptoms that recur reproducibly  in response to low levels of exposure  to multiple unrelated chemicals and  improve or resolve when incitants are removed) are still unrefuted in published literature.
Along with a 6th criterion that we now propose adding (i.e., requiring that symptoms occur in multiple organ systems), these criteria are all commonly encompassed by research definitions of MCS.
Nonetheless, their standardized use in clinical settings is still lacking, long overdue, and greatly needed-especially in light of government studies in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada that revealed 24 times as many cases of chemical sensitivity among Gulf War veterans than undeployed controls.
In addition, state health department surveys of civilians in New Mexico and California showed that 2-6%, respectively, already had been diagnosed with MCS and that 16% of the civilians reported an « unusual sensitivity » to common everyday chemicals.
Given this high prevalence, as well as the 1994 consensus of the American Lung Association, American Medical Association, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the U.S. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Sensibilité chimique multiple, Définition, Article synthèse, Homme, Classification, Critère, Ancien combattant, Etiologie, Diagnostic, Guerre du Golfe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Multiple chemical sensitivity, Definition, Review, Human, Classification, Criterion, Veteran, Etiology, Diagnosis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0406068
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 22/03/2000.