Over the last decade, western countries have reduced their intake of refugees, even though a substantial number of persons continue to be displaced by war and persecution.
At the same time, there has been a substantial increase in the number of asylum seekers who apply for refugee status after entering western countries without resettlement documents.
Evidence is accruing that asylum seekers are at high risk to trauma-related psychiatric and physical disorders.
Increasing concerns have been raised, therefore, about the difficulties that asylum seekers face in accessing health and welfare services.
The present Australian-based volunteer study compared Tamil asylum seekers (n=62) from Sri Lanka with compatriots (30 refugees ; 62 immigrants) on a number of indices relating to difficulties accessing medical, counselling and welfare services.
The majority of asylum seekers (>60%) reported serious difficulties accessing medical and dental services and a sizeable minority reported problems obtaining assistance with welfare (40%), counselling (34%), and charity (23%). Difficulties accessing medical and dental services consistently exceeded those reported by refugees and immigrants.
In spite of the inevitable sampling limitations, the data support past research as well as clinical impressions in suggesting that asylum seekers are particularly disadvantaged in accessing health care services.
Mots-clés Pascal : Australie, Océanie, Epidémiologie, Evaluation, Homme, Santé, Réfugié, Sri Lanka, Asie, Utilisation, Soin, Questionnaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Australia, Oceania, Epidemiology, Evaluation, Human, Health, Refugee, Sri Lanka, Asia, Use, Care, Questionnaire
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0404869
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 22/03/2000.