To develop effective smoking prevention interventions, we need to identify modifiable variables, such as the pros and cons'of smoking, that predict self-initiated smoking cessation.
Our objective was to assess associations between the pros and cons of smoking and the stages of change, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally, in a cohort of smokers.
In cross-sectional comparisons, the pros of smoking were 0.19-0.31 standard deviation (SD) higher and the cons 0.79-0.87 SD lower in the precontemplation than in the preparation stage.
In follow-up data, progressing from precontemplation to contemplation and from contemplation to preparation was associated with substantial and significant increases in the cons (+0.71 SD and+0.50 SD, respectively).
No longitudinal associations were found between changes in pros of smoking and progress through stages.
Thus this study added evidence from longitudinal data to published evidence from cross-sectional data about the association between the cons of smoking and the stages of change.
Intervention studies are necessary to establish whether this association is causal.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Motivation, Sevrage toxique, Traitement, Stade clinique, Prévention, Attitude, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Motivation, Detoxification, Treatment, Clinical stage, Prevention, Attitude, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0403468
Code Inist : 002B18I15. Création : 22/03/2000.