Minority women in the United States experience a disproportionately high burden of the more than 2 million yearly cases of squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix.
Risk factors for squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix are infection with the sexually acquired human papillomavirus (HPV), an early age at first intercourse, history of multiple sexual partners, oral contraceptive use, high parity, lower socioeconomic status, poor diet, immunosuppression, and promiscuous male sexual partners.
Although Hispanics are the largest growing minority population in the United States, few HPV risk factor studies have either included or focused on Hispanics in the United States.
To determine risk factors for HPV infection among Mexican-American women, we conducted a cross-sectional study from 1992-1995.
Nine hundred and seventy-one women, 18-47 years of age, with cytology results were included in this analysis.
Overall, 13.2% of participants were HPV positive by the Hybrid Capture tube method for high-risk types 16,18,31,33,35,45,51,52, or 56.
Age [adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=0.3 for ages>36 years compared with ages 18-20] and duration of oral contraceptive use (AOR=0.4 for >=4 years relative to nonusers) were inversely associated with these high-risk types of HPV infection.
Marital status (AOR=1.9 among single women compared with married) and lifetime number of sexual partners (AOR=2. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Latinoaméricain, Homme, Femelle, Virose, Infection, Papillomavirus humain, Papillomavirus, Papovaviridae, Virus, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Carcinome, Col utérus, Facteur sociodémographique, Reproduction, Revenu individuel, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Col utérus pathologie, Tumeur maligne, Mexicain
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Latinamerican, Human, Female, Viral disease, Infection, Human papillomavirus, Papillomavirus, Papovaviridae, Virus, Risk factor, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Carcinoma, Uterine cervix, Sociodemographic factor, Reproduction, Personal income, Female genital diseases, Uterine cervix diseases, Malignant tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0401537
Code Inist : 002B20C02. Création : 22/03/2000.