To study epidemiological and management pattern of asthmatic children attending the emergency room of the main children hospital at Jeddah and to determine the relation of temperature changes in the city to the rate of their attendance.
A retrospective review of all emergency room records in 2 years.
Yearly and monthly rates of acute asthma cases required medical intervention were calculated.
Monthly ratios were correlated to mean grades of temperature in the city.
A sample of 2504 cases were drawn randomly to reveal factors associated with presentation and management of asthmatic children.
A total of 13802 acute asthmatic children presented to the emergency room (7.2% of all emergencies).
Saudis formed 61.2% and males formed 65.5% of asthmatics.
Younger ages (<2 years) showed a significant predominance and family history of bronchial asthma was recorded in 74% of the sample while previous use of prophylactic therapy was very low.
Dyspnea was the most frequent presenting symptom followed by cough and wheezing.
Most of the cases were managed primarily by nebulized Salbutamol and only 21% required systemic steroid.
Months of low temperature grades were strongly associated with more presentation of asthmatics in the emergency room.
Asthmatic children are forming a sizable portion of emergency attendances in Jeddah. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Incidence, Enfant, Homme, Crise, Epidémiologie, Arabie Saoudite, Asie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Incidence, Child, Human, Crisis, Epidemiology, Saudi Arabia, Asia, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0398779
Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 22/03/2000.