This study examined whether out-of-home day care increases the risk of gastrointestinal symptoms for children<6 years of age and whether there is an association between gastrointestinal symptoms and medical care utilization.
The study population comprised members of 2 health plans residing in 2 South Carolina counties : 417 families from an health maintenance organization (HMO) plan ; and 643 families from a Medicaid plan.
Participants were followed for 18 months by either bimonthly telephone interviews or personal interviews.
The survey/interview collected familial, personal, day-care and disease-related information and medical care utilization.
The analyses controlled for both family characteristics and the type of health care plan.
Children attending out-of-home day care had higher incidence rates for most gastrointestinal symptoms studied than did children staying at home (2.51 vs. 1.61 episodes of mild gastrointestinal symptoms and 1.63 vs. 1.08 episodes of moderate gastrointestinal symptoms for the HMO group ; 1.72 vs. 1.28 episodes of moderate gastrointestinal symptoms for the Medicaid group).
Nearly one-fourth of the annual physician visits by children younger than 6 years were attributed to gastrointestinal symptoms, and more than one-fourth of the children with gastrointestinal symptoms were prescribed antibiotics. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil digestif pathologie, Gastrointestinal, Hôpital jour, Soin, Facteur risque, Infection, Symptomatologie, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Utilisation, Santé, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Digestive diseases, Gastrointestinal, Day hospital, Care, Risk factor, Infection, Symptomatology, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Use, Health, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0396955
Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 22/03/2000.