A retrospective analysis of all skiing injuries experienced by members of the British Antarctic Survey between 1989 and 1995 was undertaken to test the hypothesis that skiing was responsible for a disproportionate number and severity of injuries compared with other activities.
Fifty-nine new consultations for skiing injuries were recorded.
This represented 3.2% of all consultations (annual range 1.3-6.7%), or 9.7% of all consultations due to trauma.
The mean incidence was 84.3/1000 population/year.
The annual proportion and rate of consultation fluctuated but no overall trends were noted.
The lower limb was the commonest site of injury (76.3%), with the ratio of lower limb : upper limb injuries being 6.4 : 1. The commonest single injury was an isolated medial collateral ligament knee sprain (23.7% of all consultations).
Head injuries comprised 8.5% and ulnar collateral ligament thumb sprains 5.1%. Assessment of injury by the Injury Severity Score (ISS) showed that skiing injuries were significantly more likely to be nontrivial (ISS>2) than work-related injuries [X2 (1, N=56)=55.6, p<0.001] or injuries of all causes [X2 (1, N=56)=65.0, p<0.001]. They were significantly more likely to need radiological investigation than all injuries [X2 (1, N=59)=22.0, p<0.001]. The most severe (ISS 13), survivable injury seen during the study period resulted from a skiing accident. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Ski, Antarctique Britannique, Antarctique, Traumatisme, Type, Epidémiologie, Médecine sport, Incidence, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Skiing, Antarctica (British Territories), Antarctica, Trauma, Type, Epidemiology, Sports medicine, Incidence, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0394140
Code Inist : 002B16L. Création : 22/03/2000.