In the current climate of health care reform, there is a perception that overspecialization is responsible for increased medical costs.
Few studies support the premise that high-quality surgical subspecialization improves the cost effectiveness of care.
The purpose of this study was to compare hospital utilization and charges between a pediatric hospital staffed by pediatric orthopedic subspecialists and a community hospital system for the care of closed femur fractures and slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) in a pediatric population.
We reviewed hospital charges and length-of-stay (LOS) data for all children treated for closed femoral shaft fractures and SCFE between 1992 and 1994 within the Intermountain Health Care System (IHC).
Within the IHC, there are 23 community hospitals and one children's hospital (PCMC).
Patients were matched for age and injury severity.
Four of six orthopedic surgeons at PCMC are pediatric orthopedists, but none of the community orthopedists has subspecialty training in pediatric orthopedics.
For closed femoral shaft fractures (n=334), the average hospital charges were less (PCMC, $4,943/Other IHC, $9,031), and length of stay was shorter (PCMC, 2.81 days/Other IHC, 8.91 days) when the child was treated at the children's hospital by pediatric orthopedic subspecialists.
For SCFE (n=63), the average hospital charges were less (PCMC, $2,824/Other IHC, $3,544) and the length of stay was shorter (PCMC, 1.13 days/Other IHC, 1. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Orthopédie, Pédiatrie, Spécialité médicale, Coût, Utilisation, Hôpital, Equipement, Etude comparative, Economie, Enfant, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Orthopedics, Pediatrics, Medical specialty, Costs, Use, Hospital, Equipment, Comparative study, Economy, Child, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0393558
Code Inist : 002B26H. Création : 22/03/2000.