This study determined the proportion of homes with functioning smoke alarms in a low-income area experiencing a high rate of residential fire-related injuries.
An on-site survey of households was conducted to confirm the results of a telephone survey.
In the telephone survey, 71% of households reported having functioning smoke alarms.
In the household survey, 66% of households reported having functioning alarms ; however, when the alarms were tested, the percentage dropped to 49%. Conclusions.
Telephone surveys may overestimate the presence of functioning smoke alarms in some populations.
Thus, the use of telephone surveys to establish baseline measures could significantly affect the evaluation of smoke-alarm giveaway programs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Brûlure, A domicile, Homme, Statut socioéconomique, Pauvreté, Prévention, Surveillance sanitaire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Questionnaire, Etude comparative, Validité, Enquête, Téléphone, Détecteur fumée, Traumatisme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Burn, At home, Human, Socioeconomic status, Poverty, Prevention, Sanitary surveillance, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Questionnaire, Comparative study, Validity, Survey, Telephone, Smoke detector, Trauma
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0393414
Code Inist : 002B16J. Création : 22/03/2000.