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  1. A case-control study of employment status and mortality in a cohort of Australian youth.

    Article - En anglais

    Recent studies have demonstrated a link in young populations between unemployment and ill health.

    The purpose of this study is to correlate mortality with employment status in two cohorts of young Australian males, aged 17-25 years, from 1984 to 1988.

    Two youth cohorts consisting of an initially unemployed sample (n=1424 males) and a population sample (n=4573 males), were surveyed annually throughout the study period.

    Those lost to follow-up during the survey period were matched with death registries across Australia.

    Employment status was determined from weekly diaries and death certificates and was designated as :

    • employed or student ;

    • unemployed ;

    • not in the work force (excluding students).

    Conditional logistic regression, using age-and cohort-matched cases (deaths) and controls (alive), was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) of dying with regard to employment status, taking into account potential confounders such as ethnicity, aboriginality, educational attainment, pre-existing health problems, socio-economic status of parents, and other factors.

    Twenty three male survey respondents were positively matched to death registry records.

    Compared to those employed or students (referent group), significantly elevated ORs were found to be associated with neither being in the workforce nor a student for all cause, external cause, and external cause mortality other than suicide. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Australie, Océanie, Epidémiologie, Adulte jeune, Homme, Mâle, Chomage, Santé, Mortalité, Association, Etude cohorte, Facteur risque, Surveillance sanitaire

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Australia, Oceania, Epidemiology, Young adult, Human, Male, Unemployment, Health, Mortality, Association, Cohort study, Risk factor, Sanitary surveillance

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0393372

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 22/03/2000.