Low seroprevalence of HTLV-I and HTLV-II in patients with a sexually transmitted disease.
To determine the prevalence of HTLV I-II among highly sexually active adults, a seroprevalence study was conducted in Italy between March 1992 and March 1993 among 1506 patients with a newly diagnosed STD.
Individuals were tested with an enzyme immunoassay that employs a double viral lysate from HTLV-I and HTLV-II infected cell lines ; confirmation and discrimination between HTLV-I and II were performed by a dot-blot immunoassay.
One patient (0.07%) was confirmed HTLV-I positive and one (0.07%) HTLV-II positive.
The HTLV-I positive was a Romanian woman, and the other was an intravenous drug user.
The 0.13% HTLV prevalence observed in this study is intermediate between the 0.034% found among Italian blood donors and the 3.5-6% found among Italian intravenous drug users.
These data suggest that there is not a high prevalence of these viruses among Italians with STDs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Homme, Association, Virus HTLV1, Retroviridae, Virus, Virus HTLV2, Italie, Europe, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Etude longitudinale, Exploration immunologique, Méthode immunoblotting
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexually transmitted disease, Human, Association, HTLV-I virus, Retroviridae, Virus, HTLV-II virus, Italy, Europe, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Follow up study, Immunological investigation, Immunoblotting assay
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0393234
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 22/03/2000.