logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. Fulltext. The impact of smoke-free workplaces on declining cigarette consumption in Australia and the United States.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study estimates the contribution of smoke-free workplaces to the recent national declines in cigarette consumption in Australia and the United States.

    Methods

    Nineteen studies of the impact of smoke-free workplaces on workday cigarette consumption were reviewed.

    The number and cost of cigarettes forgone were calculated and extrapolated to a scenario in which all indoor work areas were smoke-free.

    Results

    Of the 19 studies, 18 reported declines in daily smoking rates, and 17 reported declines in smoking prevalence.

    Smoke-free workplaces are currently responsible for an annual reduction of some 602 million cigarettes, or 1.8% of all cigarettes that might otherwise be consumed, in Australia, and an annual reduction of 9.7 billion cigarettes (2%) in the United States.

    Approximately 22.3% of the 2.7 billion decrease in cigarette consumption in Australia between 1988 and 1995 can be attributed to smoke-free workplaces, as can 12.7% of the 76.5 billion decrease in the United States between 1988 and 1994.

    Conclusions

    If workplaces were universally smoke-free, the number of cigarettes forgone annually would increase to 1.14 billion (3.4%) in Australia and 20.9 billion (4.1%) in the United States.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Homme, Prévention, Législation, Lieu travail, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Evolution, Consommation, Quotidien, Sevrage toxique, Revue bibliographique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Human, Prevention, Legislation, Work place, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Evolution, Consumption, Daily, Detoxification, Bibliographic review

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0392844

    Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 22/03/2000.