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  1. Fulltext. Diesel exhaust exposure among adolescents in Harlem : A community-driven study.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study sought individual-level data on diesel exhaust exposure and lung function among adolescents in Harlem as part of a community-driven research agenda.

    Methods

    High school students administered in-person surveys to seventh grade students to ascertain information on demographics, asthma history, and self-reported and maternal smoking.

    Urine samples were assayed for 1-hydroxypyrene (1-HP), a marker of diesel exhaust exposure, and cotinine, a marker of tobacco smoke exposure.

    Computer-assisted spirometry was used to measure lung function.

    Results

    Three quarters (76%) of the participating students had detectable levels of 1-HP.

    Three students (13%) had an FEF25 73 of less than or equal to 80% of their predicted measurements, and 4 students (17%) had results between 80% and 90% of the predicted value all of which are suggestive of possible lung impairment.

    Conclusions

    These data suggest that most adolescents in Harlem are exposed to detectable levels of diesel exhaust, a known exacerbator and possible cause of chronic lung disorders such as asthma.

    Community-driven research initiatives are important for empowering communities to make needed changes to improve their environments and health.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Adolescent, Homme, Etudiant, Exposition, Pollution air, Santé et environnement, Particule fine, Gas oil, Analyse biochimique, Tabagisme, Pyrène dérivé, Spirométrie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Adolescent, Human, Student, Exposure, Air pollution, Health and environment, Fine particle, Gas oil, Biochemical analysis, Tobacco smoking, Pyrene derivatives, Spirometry, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0392842

    Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 22/03/2000.