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  1. Quality of life of low-vision patients and the impact of low-vision services.

    Article - En anglais

    PURPOSE 

    To investigate the functional status and quality of life of patients at a low-vision clinic and to evaluate the impact of low-vision services.

    METHODS 

    Interviews, including the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form (SF-36), the Visual Function-14 (VF-14), and the 51-item Field Test Version of the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ), were administered to 156 consecutive patients 1 week before and 3 months after their low-vision clinic visit.

    RESULTS 

    Low-vision patients scored lower (P<. 001) in physical functioning and role limitations caused by physical and emotional health problems than published SF-36 scores of the age-appropriate United States normal population, patients with congestive heart failure, and clinically depressed patients.

    Low-vision services were associated with improvement in the subjective functional status of 150 patients (98.7%) and were rated « very useful » by 82 (53.9%) patients.

    The SF-36 scores did not change significantly after low-vision services.

    The VF-14 mean score improved from 35.8 to 41.2 (P<. 001).

    Four NEI-VFQ subscale scores improved significantly (P<. 001) : general vision, near activities, distance activities, and peripheral vision.

    CONCLUSIONS 

    The SF-36, VF-14, and NEI-VFQ demonstrate that low-vision clinic patients perceive marked impairment of functional status and quality of life.

    Low-vision services are associated with high patient satisfaction. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Malvoyance, Qualité vie, Questionnaire, Enquête, Echelle évaluation, Assistance technique, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Oeil pathologie, Trouble vision, Medical Outcomes Study 36-item short form, 51-item field test

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low vision, Quality of life, Questionnaire, Survey, Evaluation scale, Technical assistance, United States, North America, America, Human, Eye disease, Vision disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0391735

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 22/03/2000.