A two-stage cross-sectional study on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders was conducted on a random sample of persons aged 16 years and over from a urban community on Tenerife Island, Spain.
In the first stage 660 persons (320 males and 340 females) were interviewed using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), as a screening questionnaire, and also a psychosocial questionnaire.
The sample in the second stage was constituted of all those who in the first stage scored 5 points or over on the GHQ, and of similar number of subjects with scores under 5 points selected at random.
Second stage selected subjects were interviewed using the Spanish version of the Clinical Interview Schedule.
Psychiatric diagnoses were made according to DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria.
The weighted prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the population was 17.25%. The rate for females (22.02%) was significantly higher than that for males (12.18%). The most frequent disorders in the general population are anxiety disorders (6.15%) followed by depressive disorders (5.51%). In men a non significant increase of prevalence is detected at the age of 35-44 while in women there is a significant increase of prevalence of the age at 55-64.
Woman show a significant higher prevalence in low social status ; however, there was no association with the educational level. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Enquête, Trouble psychiatrique, Milieu urbain, Canaries, Iles Atlantiques, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Sexe, Facteur sociodémographique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Survey, Mental disorder, Urban environment, Canary Islands, Atlantic Ocean Islands, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Sex, Sociodemographic factor, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0389132
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 22/03/2000.