There is limited knowledge about the nutritional and cognitive status in elderly and chronically ill subjects living in sheltered housing.
To perform a 6-month follow-up study in order to investigate (1) nutritional status and its relationship to cognitive function in elderly people living in service flats, and (2) the effect of a 9-hour educational program given to personnel working in the service flats.
Of 93 eligible subjects, 28 agreed to participate (age 81 ± 7 years, 75% women).
Body mass index (BMI), triceps skin fold (TSF), arm muscle circumference (AMC), appetite, Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), serum albumin, serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and Mini Mental Test (MMT) were assessed on two occasions with a 6-month interval.
The staff of the service flats answered a questionnaire before and 6 months after an educational program.
At the start, BMI, TSF and AMC were within the normal ranges, e.g. BMI 26.6 ± 3.1 for men and 25.6 ± 3.2 for women.
Three subjects were suspected to be malnourished and 2 were malnourished according to SGA.
Among 20 randomly selected subjects who chose not to participate in the investigation, age, sex, BMI, weight loss and appetite were not significantly different from those values in participants.
However, none of the latter had a BMI<20 compared to 10% in non-participants.
The MMT results suggested cognitive dysfunction in 41% of the subjects. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Nutrition, Etat nutritionnel, Cognition, Logement personne âgée, Etablissement troisième âge, Education nutritionnelle, Personnel sanitaire, Prévention, Malnutrition, Personne âgée, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nutrition, Nutritional status, Cognition, Housing for the aged, Homes for the aged, Nutrition education, Health staff, Prevention, Malnutrition, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0388451
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 22/03/2000.