Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in an un-industrialised rural population of North India.
Recent studies have Indicated a rising prevalence of hypertension in rural and urban areas of India.
A population-based survey was carried out during 1994-1995 in seven rural and non-industrialised villages around RaipurRani block in the state of Haryana, India, to determine the prevalence of hypertension and Its associated risk factors.
A total of 2559 individuals (86% of the eligible population) in the 16 to 70-year age group were interviewed using a pre-tested structured questionnaire to find out the lifestyle characteristics.
Three blood pressure (BP) readings were recorded with a random zero sphygmomanometer at three different times.
One hundred and fourteen individuals (4.5%) were found to be hypertensive according to JNC V criteria (BP of >= 140190 mm Hg).
Mean systolic and diastolic BPs were 116.9 and 71.7 mm Hg in males and 119.1 and 72.7 mm Hg in female subjects respectively (P<0.001).
Females had significantly higher prevalence of hypertension than males (5.8% vs 3.0%, P<0.05).
Mean age of hypertensives (50.3 ± 13.5 years) was higher than normotensives (34.9 ± 14.5 years, P<0.001).
The prevalence of various risk factors among hypertensives as compared to normotensives were alcohol consumption (43.2% vs 23.1%, only among males, P<0.001), higher economic status (P<0.001) and smoking (43% vs 41.5%, P>0.05).
In addition hypertensives had higher mean weight (53.8 kg vs 48.4 kg, P<0.001) and higher body mass index (21.5 vs 18.9 kg/m2, P<0.001). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypertension artérielle, Homme, Inde, Asie, Zone rurale, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Mode de vie, Exploration, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypertension, Human, India, Asia, Rural area, Prevalence, Risk factor, Life style, Exploration, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0380898
Code Inist : 002B12B05B. Création : 22/03/2000.