Cardiovascular disease risk factors in 2 distinct ethnic groups : Indian and Pakistani compared with American premenopausal women.
Although people from the Indian subcontinent have high rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD), studies of such in Indian and Pakistani women living in the United States are lacking.
This study accounted for variability in serum lipid (total cholesterol and triacylglycerol) and lipoprotein [LDL cholesterol, lipoprotein (a), and HDL cholesterol] concentrations in Indian and Pakistani compared with American premenopausal women in the United States.
Body composition, regional fat distribution, dietary intake, and energy expenditure were compared between groups.
The 2 groups were 47 Indian and Pakistani and 47 American women.
Health was assessed via medical history, physical activity, body composition (via anthropometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), dietary intake (via 7-d food records), and serum lipids.
Serum total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, LDL cholesterol, lipoprotein (a), the ratio of total to HDL cholesterol, and the ratio of LDL to HDL cholesterol were greater (P<0.03), whereas HDL-cholesterol values were lower (P=0.011) in Indians and Pakistanis than in Americans.
Multiple regression analysis indicated that 18% of the variance in total cholesterol (P=0.0010) and LDL cholesterol (P=0.0009) was accounted for by ethnicity, energy expenditure, and the ratio of the sum of central to the sum of peripheral skinfold thicknesses. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Origine ethnique, Indien, Facteur risque, Cardiopathie coronaire, Etude comparative, Caucasoïde, Préménopause, Lipoprotéine, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Lipide, Homme, Femelle, Pakistanais
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethnic origin, Indian, Risk factor, Coronary heart disease, Comparative study, Caucasoid, Premenopause, Lipoprotein, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Cardiovascular disease, Lipids, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0380010
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 22/03/2000.