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  1. Fulltext. Socioeconomic differences in weight gain and determinants and consequences of coronary risk factors.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Background 

    The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity is a major public health concern in many developed countries.

    Objective 

    We aimed to describe socioeconomic differences in change in body mass index (BMI : in kg/m2) from age 25 y, assess possible factors behind these differences, and study whether socioeconomic differences in a variety of coronary risk factors can be accounted for by change in BMI.

    Design 

    The data come from a cohort study of London-based civil servants (Whitehall II), who participated in the first (1985-1988) and third (1991-1993) phases of the study and were 35-55-y old at phase 1 ; altogether there were 5507 men and 2466 women.

    Both study phases included a questionnaire and a screening examination.

    Results 

    In men and women, employment grade-the measure of socioeconomic status used in this cohort-was strongly related to BMI gain from age 25 y to phase 3 (25 y apart on average).

    The lower the grade the larger the gain in BMI.

    Adjustment for health behaviors reduced the grade differences in BMI gain by 20%. A substantial part of the grade differences in diastolic and systolic blood pressure and plasma triacylglycerol concentrations could be accounted for by BMI change from age 25 y. Conclusions : Grade differences in BMI change are evident, but many of the determinants of these differences remain unknown. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Prise poids, Statut socioéconomique, Indice masse corporelle, Facteur risque, Cardiopathie coronaire, Epidémiologie, Etude socioéconomique, Poids corporel, Biométrie corporelle, Anthropométrie, Cholestérol HDL, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Weight gain, Socioeconomic status, Body mass index, Risk factor, Coronary heart disease, Epidemiology, Socioeconomic study, Body weight, Corporal biometry, Anthropometry, Cholesterol HDL, Cardiovascular disease, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0379252

    Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 22/03/2000.