Reducing HIV risk-associated sexual behavior among African American adolescents : Testing the generality of intervention effects.
This randomized controlled trial tested the effects of theory-based culture-sensitive HIV risk-reduction intervention among 496 inner-city African American adolescents (mean age=13 years) and examined the generality of its effects as a function of the facilitator's race and gender and the gender composition of the intervention group.
Adolescents who received the HIV risk-reduction intervention expressed more favorable behavioral beliefs about condoms, greater self-efficacy, and stronger condom-use intentions postintervention than did those who received a control intervention on other health issues.
Six-month follow-up data collected on 93% of the adolescents revealed that those who received the HIV risk-reduction intervention reported less HIV risk-associated sexual behavior, including unprotected coitus, than did their counterparts in the control condition.
Self-reported sexual behavior and changes in self-reported behavior were unrelated to scores on a standard measure of social desirability response bias.
There was strong evidence for the generality ofintervention effects.
Moderator analyses testing eight specific interaction hypotheses and correlational analyses indicated that the effects of the HIV risk-reduction intervention did not vary as a function of the facilitator's race or gender, participant's gender, or the gender composition of the intervention group.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Programme éducatif, Comportement sexuel, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Milieu urbain, Environnement social, Noir américain, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adolescent, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Educational schedule, Sexual behavior, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Urban environment, Social environment, Black American, United States, North America, America, Adolescent, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0376212
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 22/03/2000.