To assess seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus, injecting drug use, unsafe sexual behaviours, self-mutilation and tattoos in patients attending a drug and alcohol treatment centre in Japan.
The work was carried out at the National Sanitarium of Shimousa, Chiba, Japan, a 32-bed inpatient centre specializing in drug and alcohol treatment.
Laboratory analyses for HIV antibody, hepatitis C antibody, hepatitis B antigen and antibody ; questionnaires for history of sexual activities, needle and syringe use ; physical examination with assessment of self-amputated finger joints, tattoos, scars from lacerations and cigarette burns.
No patients tested positive for anti-HIV.
The seroprevalence of anti-HCV positives was 53.8% of methamphetamine-dependent patients, 18.4% of solvent-dependent patients and 5.6% of alcohol-dependent patients.
Past needle sharing was reported by 82.1% of methamphetamine-dependent patients, 18. 4% of solvent-dependent patients and 5.6% of alcohol-dependent patients.
A history of syringe sharing was reported by 87.2% of methamphetamine-dependent patients.
More than two-thirds of all patients reported contact with commercial sex workers.
Casual sexual contacts were more common among solvent and methamphetamine-dependent patients than those dependent on alcohol. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Hépatite virale C, Japon, Asie, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Prevalence, Epidemiology, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Viral hepatitis C, Japan, Asia, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0374559
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 22/03/2000.