Chronic community violence and the children who are exposed to it.
The rate of community violence in the United States has continued to grow rapidly and steadily over the past decade.
Increasingly, children are experiencing violence within their communities, a phenomena termed chronic community violence (CCV).
Chronic community violence has been described as frequent and continual exposure to the use of guns, knives, drugs and random violence (Osofsky, 1997).
It is incumbent on the mental health community to begin to focus on developing successful and appropriate prevention and intervention programs to help reduce the amount of violence children are exposed to daily as well as help lessen the negative impacts of such exposure.
Research should focus on systematically studying the symptomology of children exposed to high levels of community violence as well as finding more substantial ways of evaluating the progress of currently existing prevention and intervention programs.
In this article, the recent literature on how chronic community violence affects children is reviewed.
Children's specific reactions to violence exposure are discussed and ways are suggested that communities can work to buffer the effects of violence on children.
In addition, already existing community-based prevention and intervention projects designed to prevent the negative impact of violence on children are described.
Mots-clés Pascal : Violence, Stress, Environnement social, Posttraumatisme syndrome, Facteur risque, Article synthèse, Prévention, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Enfant, Homme, Trouble anxieux
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Violence, Stress, Social environment, Posttraumatic syndrome, Risk factor, Review, Prevention, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Child, Human, Anxiety disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0371383
Code Inist : 002B18H03. Création : 14/12/1999.