Waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio in Turkish adults : interrelation with other risk factors and association with cardiovascular disease.
To investigate the distribution of waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), their relationships with a number of established risk factors and their relevance to cardiovascular morbidity in a random sample of Turkish general adult population.
Cross-sectional population-based study.
The subjects comprised 958 men and 1014 women, aged 25-74 years.
Waist circumference was measured midway between the lower rib and iliac crest while that of the hip at the level of trochanters.
Mean of two blood pressure measurements was used for analysis.
Plasma total cholesterol (Cho) and triglyceride (Trg) concentrations were measured by the enzymatic dry method with a Reflotron apparatus.
Overall mean WC measured 93±12 cm in men, and 88.6±13 cm in women.
Mean WHR was 0.919±0.077 and 0.823±0.074, respectively, and a rise by about 0.001 was associated with each year of age.
In multiple regression analysis a model was utilized that included age, body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), plasma total Cho and Trg and category of smoking.
This revealed age, BMI, and Trg as independent determinants of WHR in both genders, and diastolic BP in women alone.
Age, BMI, and diastolic BP proved to be independently associated with WC in both genders, while Cho did so in men alone, Trg and systolic BP in women alone. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Taille, Hanche, Facteur risque, Turquie, Asie, Epidémiologie, Exploration, Pression sanguine, Triglycéride, Cholestérol, Homme, Indice masse corporelle, Biométrie corporelle, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Lipide
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Size, Hip, Risk factor, Turkey, Asia, Epidemiology, Exploration, Blood pressure, Triglyceride, Cholesterol, Human, Body mass index, Corporal biometry, Cardiovascular disease, Lipids
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0371192
Code Inist : 002B12B01. Création : 14/12/1999.