The global eradication of poliomyelitis, believed to be achievable around the year 2000, relies on strategies which include high routine immunization coverage and mass vaccination campaigns, along with continuous monitoring of wild-type virus circulation by using the laboratory-based acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance.
Israel and the Palestinian Authority are located in a geographical region in which poliovirus is still endemic but have been free of poliomyelitis since 1988 as a result of intensive immunization programs and mass vaccination campaigns.
To monitor the wild-type virus circulation, environmental surveillance of sewage samples collected monthly from 25 to 30 sites across the country was implemented in 1989 and AFP surveillance began in 1994.
The sewage samples were processed in the laboratory with a double-selective tissue culture system, which enabled economical processing of large number of samples.
Between 1989 and 1997,2,294 samples were processed, and wild-type poliovirus was isolated from 17 of them in four clusters, termed « silent outbreaks, » in September 1990 (type 3), between May and September 1991 (type 1), between October 1994 and June 1995 (type 1), and in December 1996 (type 1).
Fifteen of the 17 positive samples were collected in the Gaza Strip, 1 was collected in the West Bank, and 1 was collected in the Israeli city of Ashdod, located close to the Gaza Strip. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Epidémiologie, Surveillance sanitaire, Eau usée, Contamination biologique, Prévalence, Israël, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Poliovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Epidemiology, Sanitary surveillance, Waste water, Biological contamination, Prevalence, Israel, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0357212
Code Inist : 002A05C06. Création : 14/12/1999.