Occupational back disability in U.S. army personnel.
Musculoskeletal disorders represent a prevalent source of outpatient visits, lost work time, hospitalization, and disability in the military.
Recent research has identified patterns among military occupations, gender, and musculoskeletal disability.
Although back disorders accounted for a high percentage of all cases, little is known about the relationship between job type and disability in soldiers.
The present study analyzed 41,750 disability cases to determine (1) prevalence of work-related back disability diagnoses, (2) specific jobs associated with greater risk of back disability, and (3) association among gender, job type, and disability.
The results indicate that (1) lumbosacral strain and intervertebral disc syndrome represent the most prevalent diagnoses for back disability, (2) certain occupations were associated with higher back disability risk, and (3) specific jobs were identified in which females experienced higher rates of back disability than males.
The nature of these high-risk jobs, and recent research on work disability factors in U.S. Army soldiers, suggest that a combination of ergonomic and individual/organizational psychosocial factors may play a role in the development, exacerbation, and maintenance of work disability.
Future research that identifies specific job factors contributing to increased back disability risk should assist in the development of empirically based work site prevention programs to improve musculoskeletal health and readiness.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dos, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Incapacité travail, Diagnostic, Etiologie, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Personnel, Armée, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Back (anatomy), Prevalence, Risk factor, Work disability, Diagnosis, Etiology, Sanitary program, Prevention, Personnel, Army, United States, North America, America, Human, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0357076
Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 14/12/1999.