The survey of 222Rn concentration in the air of tunnels constructed during World War II has been performed using a solid-state nuclear track detector technique.
For the practical application of this technique to the determination of 222 Rn concentrations in air, some basic properties were experimentally examined on the cellulose nitrate film, Kodak LR 115 type II.
The calibration coefficient of the cellulose nitrate film used is determined from a correlation between the 222Rn concentration in air and the observed number of perforated etched tracks for widespread radon concentrations.
The slope of the linear relationship observed yields a calibration coefficient of (0.00209 ± 0.00018) tracks cm-2 (Bq m-3h) - 1. From the survey of 222Rn concentration in the air of tunnels, the concentration of several thousand Bq m-3 was observed at the inner most area of the tunnel, and the seasonal variation was clearly observed.
The exponential distribution of radon concentration as a function of distance from the openings of the tunnel suggests that the radon concentration in the tunnel is basically governed by diffusion and mixing of radon gas with air.
Mots-clés Pascal : Détecteur solide trace, Dosimétrie, Technique mesure, Japon, Asie, Radon, Radioactivité naturelle, Surveillance, Echantillonnage, Air
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Solid state track detector, Dosimetry, Measurement technique, Japan, Asia, Radon, Natural radioactivity, Surveillance, Sampling, Air
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0356925
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 14/12/1999.