Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society. San Antonio, TX, USA, 1997.
Public acceptance of information concerning radiation risks has been impacted by the erosion of trust in government agencies and by societal images that personify radiation or its effects in terms of monsters and ogres.
The loss of trust in government agencies, particularly the Atomic Energy Commission and later the Department of Energy, has been influenced by a number of key events and individuals.
Examp]es of these are given, including the anti-Viet Nam war movement, the Watergate incident, the activities of the Union of Concerned Scientists, Ralph Nader and the Critical Mass movement, the claims of Ernest Sternglass, and the widely publicized views of John Gofman and Arthur Tamplin.
The use of negative images, pictures, and symbols in the mass media has reinforced the public perception of radiation as a thing to be feared.
There is growing evidence that the public perception of radiation risks is related more to mistrust and negative images than it is to the technical information health physicists provide or to the issue of whether or not the linear no-threshold theory of radiation risks is correct.
Attempts by federal agencies to regain public trust in radiation risk information generated by health physicists or other radiation scientists appear to be largely unsuccessful. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Radioprotection, Homme, Politique sanitaire, Information utile, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Dosimétrie, Organisation nationale, Evaluation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radioprotection, Human, Health policy, Useful information, United States, North America, America, Dosimetry, National organisation, Evaluation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0356910
Code Inist : 002B30A02B. Création : 14/12/1999.