Clinical ethics is an intrinsic aspect of medical practice.
Concerns for ethical conduct arise in the management of medical benefits, patient preferences, quality of life, and the relationship between patient care and its attendant familial, social, economic, and legal circumstances.
Ethical concerns in surgical practice are central to the essence of the Hippocratic doctrine, First do no harm.'In caring for our patients, particularly in light of the modern practice of medicine, we often use the risk-benefit calculus.
The range of ethical concerns for the otolaryngologist who deals with the elderly and infirm covers many diverse situations.
Superimposed over this spectrum is the idea of patient autonomy, which is considered to be a cardinal issue in any ethical discussion.
Furthermore, increasing medical care costs have created a debate regarding the rationing of healthcare.
Ethicists continue the discussion as to whether age should be a decisive factor in the rationing of this care.
Definitions of « heroic » and « extraordinary » assume greater significance, and controversies of language become pivotal when the comprehension and cognitive orientation of the patient are compromised by disease and senescence.
Mots-clés Pascal : ORL pathologie, Chirurgie, Ethique, Personne âgée, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : ENT disease, Surgery, Ethics, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0355877
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 14/12/1999.