While studies on external costs of electricity generation generally aim at the calculation of marginal costs for a new increment of power generation, we have applied an extended bottom-up modelling framework to calculate average health and environmental damage costs from fossil electricity generation in Germany and Europe.
Aggregated average damage costs provide helpful complementary information to site and technology specific'point'values to be used for more general policy analysis.
Environmental damage costs caused by fossil fired power plants in the EU-15 countries in 1990 amount to about 70 billion US $. Results show that damage costs per tonne of pollutant emitted might vary considerably by site and - as structural changes like those observed in the eastern part of Germany after the re-unification show - also over time.
A comparison of damage costs and private costs of emission reduction measures in large combustion plants shows that on the European average the implementation of current best available emission reduction technologies is well justified.
Mots-clés Pascal : Politique énergétique, Production énergie électrique, Centrale thermique, Impact environnement, Analyse coût, Externalité, Emission polluant, Pollution air, Mortalité, Morbidité, Analyse avantage coût, Prévention pollution, Technologie propre, Allemagne(république fédérale), Allemagne, Europe, Allemagne(république démocratique), Union européenne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Energy policy, Electric power production, Thermal power plant, Environment impact, Cost analysis, Externality, Pollutant emission, Air pollution, Mortality, Morbidity, Cost benefit analysis, Pollution prevention, Wasteless technology, West Germany, Germany, Europe, East Germany, European Union
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0355402
Code Inist : 001D06A01B. Création : 14/12/1999.