Exposure to secondary metabolites of airborne fungi in waste handling facilities is discussed in regard to potential toxic impacts on human health.
The relevance of mycotoxins has been intensely studied in connection with contamination of food and feed.
Toxic secondary metabolites are expected to be present in airborne spores, but exposure to mycotoxins in bioaerosols has not been studied sufficiently.
Aspergillus fumigatus is one of the most frequent species in the air of compost plants.
A wide range of secondary metabolites was found in pure cultures of freshly isolated strains of A. fumigatus.
Tryptoquivaline, a compound with tremorgenic properties, and trypacidin, for which no toxic properties are described, were found in native bioaerosols in a compost facility.
The highly toxic metabolites gliotoxin and verruculogen were not found in the bioaerosols.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mycotoxine, Toxine, Pollution air, Pollution intérieur, Lieu travail, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Aspergillus fumigatus, Fungi Imperfecti, Fungi, Thallophyta, Inhalation, Compostage, Compost, Allemagne, Europe, Aérosol, Toxicité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mycotoxin, Toxin, Air pollution, Indoor pollution, Work place, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Aspergillus fumigatus, Fungi Imperfecti, Fungi, Thallophyta, Inhalation, Composting, Compost, Germany, Europe, Aerosols, Toxicity
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0355338
Code Inist : 002B03J. Création : 14/12/1999.