A simple equation using only 137Cs/239+240Pu activity ratios was developed and evaluated as a means of resolving the plutonium in attic dust and soil from Nevada and Utah that came from Nevada Test Site fallout from that which came from global fallout.
Applied to an historical data set of 137Cs and 239+240Pu activity concentrations in soils from Nevada and Utah, the activity ratio method gives results similar to the traditional 240Pu/239Pu isotope mass ratio method.
Considering the difficulty and expense of determining the 240Pu/239Pu atom ratios, this activity ratio method is simpler, faster, and less costly, and may be useful for detecting and/or monitoring plutonium contamination in soils.
Applied to samples of attic dust and soil collected from throughout southern Nevada and Utah during 1996 and 1997, it was found that all sites surveyed showed the presence of Nevada Test Site plutonium.
Over 90% of the plutonium found in the samples from Beatty, Tonopah, and Queen City Summit, Nevada, can be attributed to the Nevada Test Site.
Mots-clés Pascal : Comble, Poussière, Sol, Césium, Plutonium, Dosimétrie, Technique mesure, Nevada, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Utah, Surveillance, Evaluation performance, Radiobiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Attic, Dust, Soils, Cesium, Plutonium, Dosimetry, Measurement technique, Nevada, United States, North America, America, Utah, Surveillance, Performance evaluation, Radiobiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0353741
Code Inist : 002A08F05. Création : 14/12/1999.