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  1. Psychiatric disorder and the use of benzodiazepines : an example of the inverse care law from Brazil.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Pelotas, southern Brazil, to assess the relationship between the use of benzodiazepines (BZD). minor psychiatric disorders (MPD) and social factors.

    Methods 

    A representative sample (n=1277) was interviewed using the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) for MPD.

    Subjects were asked about the use of BZD in the preceding 2 weeks and were also asked for socioeconomic details.

    Results 

    A total of 152 (11.9% ; 95% CI 10.1-13.7) subjects had taken psychotropic drugs, with BZD being the most commonly reported (8%). The prevalence of MPD was 22.7% (95% Cl 20.4-25.0) : males 17.9% and females 26.5%. An inverse relationship was seen between level of income, schooling and prevalence of MPD (P<0.001), but a positive relationship was found between income and BZD consumption (P<0.05).

    Conclusions 

    These data suggest that the inverse care law operates in prescribing psychotropic medications for MPD.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Utilisation, Benzodiazépine dérivé, Traitement, Chimiothérapie, Santé mentale, Service santé, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Use, Benzodiazepine derivatives, Treatment, Chemotherapy, Mental health, Health service, Brazil, South America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0351060

    Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 14/12/1999.