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  1. Self-injurious behavior and Prader-Willi syndrome : Behavioral forms and body locations.

    Article - En anglais

    With few exceptions (e.g., Lesch-Nyhan syndrome), the specific nature of self-injury in relation to identified genetic syndromes associated with mental retardation is poorly understood.

    In the present study we surveyed the families of 62 persons with Prader-Willi syndrome to determine the prevalence, topographies, and specific body locations of self-injurious behavior.

    Self-injury was reported for 81% of the participants.

    Skin-picking was the most prevalent form, with the front of the legs and head being disproportionately targeted as preferred self-injury body sites.

    Individuals with the 15q11-q13 deletion injured significantly more body sites than did individuals with maternal disomy 15.

    Results are discussed in relation to previous self-injury body site findings and implications for the relevance of syndrome-specific behavioral phenotypes.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Automutilation, Arriération mentale, Prader Labhart Willi syndrome, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Symptomatologie, Homme, Déficience intellectuelle, Trouble développement, Endocrinopathie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Maladie héréditaire, Syndrome complexe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Self injury, Mental retardation, Prader Labhart Willi syndrome, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Symptomatology, Human, Intellectual deficiency, Developmental disorder, Endocrinopathy, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Genetic disease, Complex syndrome

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0351037

    Code Inist : 002B18C12. Création : 14/12/1999.