Adolescent parents and their infants are a population at risk.
Infant mortality, low-birthweight, and child maltreatment are inordinately higher within this population than within slightly older cohorts.
The purpose of this one group pretest-posttest intervention study was to analyze the efficacy of a program designed to improve infant outcomes through the enhancement of health practices and parenting skills in a sample of 137 low-income, pregnant and parenting adolescents who reside in an urban area and who screened positive for risk of child maltreatment.
Based on theories of mentorship and social support, the program provided intensive home visitation by nursing para-professionals, indigenous to the community, for the 2 year study period.
Program outcomes were compared to local and national data.
Findings revealed only 4.6% of program infants were low-birthweight compared to local and national percentages of 13.5% and 9.42%. The mean length of gestation was 39.27 weeks (SD=1.55).
The incidence of infant mortality was zero, comparing favorably with national data as well as the local infant mortality rate (almost twice the state average).
There were only four cases of child neglect, representing only 2.91% of the sample.
This finding also compares favorably with national data.
Mots-clés Pascal : Parent, Comportement, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Poids naissance faible, Mortalité, Nourrisson, Homme, Enfant maltraité, Evaluation, Efficacité, Adolescent, New Jersey, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Gestation pathologie, Prématurité, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Parent, Behavior, Sanitary program, Prevention, Low birth weight, Mortality, Infant, Human, Child abuse, Evaluation, Efficiency, Adolescent, New Jersey, United States, North America, America, Pregnancy disorders, Prematurity, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0350803
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 14/12/1999.