The US government's Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) launched its new antidrug media campaign in July 1998.
The campaign is likely to increase awareness of the youth drug problem, but shortcomings in the campaign's early implementation raise questions about its potential for changing behavior.
Shortcomings include : a) The first wave of ONDCP's television advertisements are focused on reinforcing problem awareness but do not model skills or provide other information necessary for behavior change ; b) the campaign provides insufficient focus on promoting drug treatment and citizen involvement in local prevention activities, including political action ; c) the campaign is being implemented without a major new investment in drug-treatment programs or community-based prevention programs ; d) The campaign does not substantively address alcohol and tobacco, which pose a clear threat to health and serve as a gateway'to illicit drug use : and e) the first wave of television advertisements use exaggerated fear appeals, a strategy shown by research rarely to be successful.
Only time will tell whether the ONDCP media campaign will succeed or fail.
Using past research as a guide, there is legitimate reason for concern that the campaign will not litre up to expectations.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Média, Télévision, Communication information, Campagne de masse, Evaluation, Homme, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Media, Television, Information communication, Mass campaign, Evaluation, Human, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0350506
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 14/12/1999.