The study explores knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding screening for breast and cervical cancers.
All female teachers in primary and secondary schools in Crotone and in Cassino (Italy) received a questionnaire on demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, clinical history, knowledge, behavior and attitudes about breast and cervical cancer and related screening procedures.
A response rate of 65% was achieved.
Knowledge on effectiveness of mammography and pap test in finding related cancers was widely spread in the sample.
Only about 30% and 50% had respectively undergone their last mammogram and pap test according to the recommended time interval.
Having been examined by a physician in the previous year and having had a screening CBE or a screening pap smear in the past three years were significantly more likely in women who underwent mammography for screening purposes in the past two years.
Pap smear in the previous three years was significantly more likely in women in their forties, with a higher family income and in those who had been examined by a physician in the previous year.
The results strongly recommend continued emphasis of physicians on education of women regarding mammography and pap smear.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Col utérus, Attitude, Connaissance, Comportement, Enseignant, Mammographie, Frottis cervical, Evaluation, Homme, Femelle, Italie, Europe, Glande mammaire pathologie, Col utérus pathologie, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Radiodiagnostic
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Uterine cervix, Attitude, Knowledge, Behavior, Teacher, Mammography, Cervical smear, Evaluation, Human, Female, Italy, Europe, Mammary gland diseases, Uterine cervix diseases, Female genital diseases, Radiodiagnosis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0350494
Code Inist : 002B20C02. Création : 14/12/1999.