In the US, continued high rates of unintended pregnancy, combined with increases in heterosexual transmission of HIV to women, have sharply magnified concern about the factors leading to or barring the use of contraceptive methods to protect concurrently against both risks.
This paper reports on results of focus group research among African-American women participating in a longitudinal study and African-American men who are either partners of the women or are of similar socio-economic status as their partners.
We found a high level of agreement between men and women on the issues and problems that both sexes face.
People felt that regardless of a woman's use of other contraceptive methods, a condom should always be used for protection.
This belief, however, differed markedly from actual practice.
Although we attempted to discern the relative salience of concern about pregnancy versus STIs, we conclude that people may not separate these two concerns in their resolve to use two methods.
Furthermore, they recognized the need for dual protection, but expected conflict with their partners from using condoms as a second method because of high levels of distrust regarding sexual fidelity.
Thus people are caught in a bind : distrust further increases the sense of a need for dual methods, but using condoms exacerbates the problems people have with achieving trust in relationships.
Mots-clés Pascal : Contraception, Condom, Utilisation, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Prévention, Comportement, Evaluation, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Contraception, Condom, Use, Sexually transmitted disease, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Prevention, Behavior, Evaluation, Human, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0350034
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 14/12/1999.