To study health and re-employment in a five-year follow-up of a community sample of long-term unemployed people.
A random sample registered for more than 12 weeks at the labour offices in Grenland, Norway, were given medical check-ups in 1988 and 1990. and a postal questionnaire in 1993.
Only 37% were employed five years after the first spell of long-term unemployment.
Recovery after re-employment was demonstrated, indicating that unemployment causes poor mental health.
Health-related selection to continuous unemployment was only found for medical diagnoses.
The unemployed who might be selected to continuous unemployment because of poor health at the two-year follow-up seemed to deteriorate most.
The high morbidity of mental health problem among unemployed people is mostly explained by the causal hypothesis.
This is a challenge to preventive medicine.
Sick unemployed people should be given special attention.
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Chomage, Long terme, Activité professionnelle, Psychométrie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Questionnaire, Prévention, Norvège, Europe, Etude cohorte, Santé physique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Unemployment, Long term, Professional activity, Psychometrics, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Questionnaire, Prevention, Norway, Europe, Cohort study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0349408
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 14/12/1999.