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  1. Health and re-employment in a five-year follow-up of long-term unemployed.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To study health and re-employment in a five-year follow-up of a community sample of long-term unemployed people.

    Methods 

    A random sample registered for more than 12 weeks at the labour offices in Grenland, Norway, were given medical check-ups in 1988 and 1990. and a postal questionnaire in 1993.

    Results 

    Only 37% were employed five years after the first spell of long-term unemployment.

    Recovery after re-employment was demonstrated, indicating that unemployment causes poor mental health.

    Health-related selection to continuous unemployment was only found for medical diagnoses.

    The unemployed who might be selected to continuous unemployment because of poor health at the two-year follow-up seemed to deteriorate most.

    Conclusion 

    The high morbidity of mental health problem among unemployed people is mostly explained by the causal hypothesis.

    This is a challenge to preventive medicine.

    Sick unemployed people should be given special attention.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Chomage, Long terme, Activité professionnelle, Psychométrie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Questionnaire, Prévention, Norvège, Europe, Etude cohorte, Santé physique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Unemployment, Long term, Professional activity, Psychometrics, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Questionnaire, Prevention, Norway, Europe, Cohort study

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0349408

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 14/12/1999.