Stärkung der Patientenposition : Eine neue Herausforderung im Gesundheitswesen.
Traduction en anglais : Strengthening the patients position : A new challenge to public health.
Public Health : Prevention and health promotion are well-established strategies to reduce the demand for health care.
Nevertheless efforts to encourage the empowerment of consumers vis-à-vis the providers of health-care are relatively new in Germany.
Programmes intended to improve a person's level of confidence in dealing with chronic illness have been shown to lower costs.
The potential for reducing demand for unnecessary interventions may save money and increase the quality of provided health care.
The views of consumers and their personal experiences are crucial in establishing a more effective quality management in the German health care system in Germany.
At present patients are not always sufficiently involved in the process of clinical decision-making and often their knowledge does not enable them to assess the quality of services rendered.
In comparison with other European countries the position of German patients is rather weak.
The backing of patients'interests by insurance companies is more developed in Belgium, self-organisation of patients is established in Switzerland and, with strong government support, in the Netherlands (Kranich, 1997).
However in Germany there is now growing interest in providing support for patients'participation in the choice of treatment, quality of health care and decision-making strategies for health problem management.
The German Ministry of Health is currently working on a Patients'Charter to guarantee patients'rights. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Système santé, Assurance qualité, Prise décision, Malade, Service santé, Evaluation, Homme, Economie santé, Allemagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health system, Quality assurance, Decision making, Patient, Health service, Evaluation, Human, Health economy, Germany, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0349220
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 14/12/1999.