Women's HIV needs within a broader spectrum of reproductive health.
HIV testing and prevention approaches aimed at women have mainly targeted women attending antenatal clinics, even though pregnant women have been found to prefer pre-pregnancy HIV dialogue (Sherr et al., 1996).
Surprisingly HIV testing policies and procedures are mostly absent in clinics approached by women who seek elective terminations, even though the prevalence of HIV in this group is threefold compared to women who carry to term (DoH, 1998)) Similarly HIV testing remains'available on request'for women attending family planning clinics, many of whom report HIV risk behaviours (Radcliffe et al., 1993).
In the light of increasing HIV seroprevalence in women of reproductive age, this study aimed to provide a systematic understanding of HIV testing and prevention issues for women attending both antenatal (ANC) (n=794), family planning (FPC) (n=145) and termination assessment clinics (TOPC) (n=141) and to carry out a comparative analysis of the three groups of women in terms of their sample characteristics, HIV testing intentions, HIV knowledge, HIV risk factors and their appraisal of HIV provision.
Women in all clinics showed low levels of HIV knowledge.
Women in ANCs had the lowest overall HIV knowledge score (F=3.211, p=0.041).
Fewer than one in four women across the groups were aware of the potential interventions to reduce vertical HIV transmission. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Transmission verticale, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Dépistage, Gestation, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme, Femelle, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Vertical transmission, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Medical screening, Pregnancy, United Kingdom, Europe, Human, Female, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0346216
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 14/12/1999.