Hereditary colorectal cancer in the general population : from cancer registration to molecular diagnosis.
Background-Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is one of the most common inherited disorders predisposing to cancer.
The genes responsible for the disease have recently been cloned and characterised ; their mutations induce a generalised genomic instability which is particularly evident at microsatellite loci (replication error (RER)+phenotype).
Aims-To investigate how to select individuals and families in the general population who should be screened for constitutional mutations predisposing to colorectal cancer.
Patients/Methods-Between 1984 and 1995,1899 colorectal malignancies in 1831 patients were registered, and in 1721 of these (94%), family trees could be obtained.
Patients and families were classified into five categories according to a more or less likely genetic basis :
« suspected » HNPCC ;
juvenile cases ;
as-pecific cancer aggregation ;
In 18 families with HNPCC as well as in 18 with suspected HNPCC, microsatellite instability in tumour tissues and constitutional mutations of two DNA mismatch repair genes (MSH2 and MLH1) could be evaluated.
RER status was studied with five markers (BAT40, D2S123, D18S57, D17S787, and BAT26) in paraffin embedded tissues.
Germline mutations of MSH2 or MLHI genes were assessed on DNA and RNA extracted from lymphomonocytic cells, using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, single strand conformation polymorphism analysis, and direct DNA sequencing. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinome, Côlon, Rectum, Maladie héréditaire, Incidence, Critère sélection, Dépistage, Mutation, Prédisposition, Déterminisme génétique, Instabilité, DNA microsatellite, Epidémiologie, Homme, Tumeur maligne, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Côlon pathologie, Rectum pathologie, Génétique, Gène MSH2, Gène MLH1
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinoma, Colon, Rectum, Genetic disease, Incidence, Selection criterion, Medical screening, Mutation, Predisposition, Genetic determinism, Instability, Microsatellite DNA, Epidemiology, Human, Malignant tumor, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Colonic disease, Rectal disease, Genetics, MSH2 gene, MLH1 gene
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0345249
Code Inist : 002B13B01. Création : 14/12/1999.