Background This paper describes the seroprevalence and risk factors of Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection in a group of female prostitutes from Mexico City.
Methods Women who consented to participate in the study voluntarily attended a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic during 1992.
A standardized questionnaire was administered and a blood sample was obtained from each participant.
Type-specific Western blot serology was performed to determine the serostatus of HSV-1 and HSV-2 for participants.
Bivariate and multivariate analyses were applied to identify variables associated with an increased risk for HSV infection.
Results Prevalences of infection among the 997 prostitutes studied were 93.9% for HSV-1 and 60.8% for HSV-2.
Only 1.8% of the women were seronegative for both viruses.
The only variable associated with HSV-1 seropositivity was crowding index.
The following variables were associated with an increased risk for infection with HSV-2 : age, level of education, working site, born outside Mexico City and increasing time as a prostitute.
Conclusions This is the first assessment of HSV infection in Mexico and may be useful for the development and application of control and preventive measures among the prostitute population at risk of acquiring and transmitting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other STD.
Mots-clés Pascal : Herpès, Virose, Infection, Prostitution, Comportement sexuel, Risque, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Prévalence, Homme, Femelle, Mexique, Amérique Centrale, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Herpes, Viral disease, Infection, Prostitution, Sexual behavior, Risk, Female genital diseases, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Prevalence, Human, Female, Mexico, Central America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0342390
Code Inist : 002B05C02E. Création : 14/12/1999.