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  1. Age-related maculopathy in a multiracial United States population : The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III.

    Article - En anglais


    To investigate the prevalence of and risk factors for age-related maculopathy (ARM) in three racial/ethnic groups : non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, and Mexican-Americans.


    A nationally representative population-based, cross-sectional study.


    A total of 8270 persons 40 years of age or older, a sample of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

    Main Outcome Measures 

    Age-related maculopathy was determined by the grading of fundus photographs using a standardized protocol.


    The prevalence of any ARM in the civilian noninstitutionalized United States population including those 40 years of age or older was 9.4% (95% confidence interval [Cl], 8.2,10.6) as estimated from the sample.

    After adjusting for age, there was no difference in the prevalence of early ARM (defined largely by the presence of soft drusen) by ethnic/racial group.

    However, for the less frequent component lesions of early ARM (increased retinal pigment and retinal pigment epithelial depigmentation), the odds ratios (95% Cls) comparing non-Hispanic blacks to non-Hispanic whites were 0.47 (0.31,0.74) and 0.59 (0.33,1.04), respectively, and for comparing Mexican-Americans to non-Hispanic whites, they were 0.41 (0.21,0.81) and 0.72 (0.44,1.19), respectively.

    For late ARM, the odds ratio (95% Cl) for non-Hispanic blacks compared to non-Hispanic whites was 0.34 (0.10,1.18) and for Mexican-Americans compared to non-Hispanic whites, it was 0. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Dégénérescence, Macula, Age, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Ethnie, Etude comparative, Homme, Oeil pathologie, Rétinopathie, Maculopathie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Degeneration, Macula, Age, Prevalence, Risk factor, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Ethnic group, Comparative study, Human, Eye disease, Retinopathy, Maculopathy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0342180

    Code Inist : 002B09I. Création : 14/12/1999.