Does employment improve the health of lone mothers ?
In Britain the government is currently proposing legislation that will encourage welfare recipients to gain employment.
A central tenet of this'welfare to work'policy is that employment will not only reduce the poverty of welfare recipients, but also improve their health.
This research assessed the extent to which the movement from'welfare to work'is likely to benefit the mental and physical health of lone mothers with preschool children.
The sample was 719 lone mothers and a comparison group of 8779 women with partners drawn from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ALSPAC).
Data collected by self completion questionnaire at 33 months postpartum provided information about average weekly take home family income and the mother's employment status.
The health outcomes measured were general well being, both minor and major depression (using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), self report of respiratory symptoms (cough/cold, wheeze, influenza) from 18-33 months postpartum and self report of symptoms common in the childbearing years (backache, haemorrhoids) also from 18-33 months postpartum.
Lone mothers who were not employed were the poorest group in the sample ; 94% of this group (402) had a family income of less than £200 per week, compared with 72% (188) of lone mothers who were employed, 25% (905) of partnered women who were not employed and 12% (466) of partnered women who were employed. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Famille monoparentale, Mère, Activité professionnelle, Revenu, Statut socioéconomique, Santé, Epidémiologie, Evaluation, Facteur risque, Homme, Femelle, Etude cohorte, Royaume Uni, Europe, Santé physique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : One parent family, Mother, Professional activity, Tempering, Socioeconomic status, Health, Epidemiology, Evaluation, Risk factor, Human, Female, Cohort study, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0341262
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 14/12/1999.